Manhã de Carnaval
("Morning of Carnival"), is the most popular song by Brazilian composer Luiz Bonfá and lyricist Antônio Maria.
Manhã de Carnaval appeared as a principal theme in the 1959 Portuguese-language film Orfeu Negro (Black Orpheus) by French director Marcel Camus. The song has been described as the "main" musical theme of the film. Manhã de Carnaval became one of the first compositions identified with Bossa Nova to gain popularity outside Brazil. Particularly in the United States, the song is considered to be one of the most important Brazilian Jazz/Bossa songs that helped establish the Bossa Nova movement in the late 1950s. The song is also known as "A Day in the Life of a Fool", "Carnival", "Theme from Black Orpheus", or simply "Black Orpheus".
The Minuet in G major is found in the 1725 Notebook for Anna Magdalena Bach, where it appears with its companion piece, Minuet in G minor, as a pair to be performed da capo. The notebook in question, which belonged to Johann Sebastian Bach's second wife Anna Magdalena, is a compilation of music by various composers of the late 17th and early 18th century, including François Couperin, Georg Böhm, Johann Sebastian Bach himself and possibly some of his sons (e.g., Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach). Most of the entries in the 1725 notebook were made by Anna Magdalena herself, and a few were contributed by Johann Sebastian and various friends of the Bach family. Only a few composers are identified in the notebook. The Minuet in G major and its companion are two of the many anonymous works included. 1970 it was attributed to Johann Sebastian Bach (BWV Anh 114), but it is now universally attributed to Christian Petzold.
Greensleeves, is probably the most famous tune ever written from the Renaissance. It is basically a ground of the form called a romanesca; the widely believed legend is that it was composed by King Henry VIII (1491 - 1547) for his lover and future Queen, Anne Boleyn. Anne, the youngest daughter of the earl of Wiltshire, rejected Henry's attempts to seduce her. This rejection is apparently referred to in the song, when the writer's love "cast me off discourteously". It is not known if the legend is true, but the song is still commonly associated with Anne Boleyn in the public's mind.
Girl from Ipanema
GIRL FROM IPANEMA - Antônio Carlos Jobim was a pianist, composer, singer, arranger, occasional guitarist who was part of an embryonic nucleus that best represents Brazilian music on the second half of the 20th century.
He was born January 25, 1927 in the north part of Rio de Janeiro and soon his family moved to Ipanema. Jobim's roots were planted firmly in the works of Pixinguinha, a legendary musician and composer that started in the 1930s the development of modern Brazilian music. He was also influenced by the music of French composer Claude Debussy. In 1963, he and Vinícius de Moraes' contributed one of their greatest hits and very likely the most aired Brazilian song of all times: "Garota de Ipanema". His last CD, "Antônio Brasileiro", was released in 1994, little before his passing away in December.
Concerto De Aranjuez
The Concierto de Aranjuez is a composition for classical guitar and orchestra by the Spanish composer Joaquín Rodrigo. Written in 1939, it is far and away Rodrigo's best-known work, and its success established his reputation as one of the most significant Spanish composers of the twentieth century. Rodrigo almost completely lost his sight at the age of three after contracting diphtheria. Although distinguished by having raised the Spanish guitar to dignity as a universal concert instrument and best known for his guitar music, he never mastered the instrument himself. He wrote his compositions in Braille, which was transcribed for publication.
Rodrigo and his wife Victoria stayed silent for many years about the inspiration for the second movement (Adagio), and thus the popular belief grew that it was inspired by the bombing of Guernica in 1937. In her autobiography, Victoria eventually declared that it was both an evocation of the happy days of their honeymoon and a response to Rodrigo's devastation at the miscarriage of their first pregnancy. It was composed in 1939 in Paris.
Samba Pa Ti
Samba Pa Ti is from the album Abraxas by latin rock band Santana. The piece 'Samba Pa Ti' was originally recorded in the key of G, and is in fact two separate unfinished pieces which were combined to a single piece comprising a slow emotive first part followed by an extended play out in a faster tempo; This piece along with 'Black Magic Woman' attributed originally to Peter Green, helped underpin the truly unique blend of Latin American / Blues / Rock style created by the latin rock band Santana.